EBP Compendium: Summary of Clinical Practice Guideline
Royal College of Speech & Language Therapists; Department of Health (UK); National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE)
RCSLT Clinical Guidelines: 5.4 Autistic Spectrum Disorders
Taylor-Goh, S., ed.
RCSLT Clinical Guidelines. Bicester, Speechmark Publishing Ltd.
AGREE Rating: Highly Recommended
This guideline provides recommendations for assessment and treatment of preschool and school-age children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The target audience of this guideline is speech-language pathologists. Recommendations are based on randomized controlled trials (Level A Evidence), well-conducted clinical studies (Level B Evidence), or expert opinion (Level C Evidence).
- Assessment Areas
- Professionals should consider the triad of social impairments and theories of each impairment during the assessment process (Level B Evidence). Specifically, consideration should be given to:
- the individual’s ability to “direct and maintain shared attention” (Level B Evidence) (p. 36).
- the individual’s “readiness and ability to focus and shift attention” (Level B Evidence) (p. 36).
- qualitative aspects of social interaction skills in a variety of settings (Level B Evidence) (p. 36).
- the individual’s use of communicative strategies (Level B Evidence) (p. 37).
- the child’s play (Level B Evidence) (p. 37).
- the individual’s learning potential (Level C Evidence) (p. 37).
- possible mental health impacts (Level C Evidence)(p. 37).
- General Findings - “Early intervention is likely to be beneficial in fostering the development of communication skills in children with ASD” (Level B Evidence) (p. 38).
- Pragmatic/Social Skills - “Approaches that focus on social functioning should be introduced as an on-going intervention strategy from early years to adulthood” (Level B Evidence) (p. 38).
- Alternative and Augmentative Communicaiton (AAC) - “Consideration should be given to the use of alternative and augmentative communication systems (low and high technology)” (Level B Evidence) (p. 38).
- Service Delivery
- Diagnosis and management of ASD should be multidisciplinary (Level C Evidence) and professionals should work collaboratively with parents, teachers and others involved in day-to-day care of the individual to ensure consistency and increase generalization and maintenance of communication skills (Level B Evidence) (p. 35).
Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorders
Access the Guideline
Added to Compendium: November 2010