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EBP Compendium: Summary of Systematic Review

Academy of Neurologic Communication Disorders and Sciences; American Speech-Language-Hearing Association; Department of Veterans Affairs
Evidence-Based Practice Recommendations for Working with Individuals with Dementia: Simulated Presence Therapy

Bayles, K. A., Kim, E., et al. (2006).
Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology, 14(3), xiii-xxi.

Indicators of Review Quality:

The review addresses a clearly focused question No
Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided Yes
Search strategy is described in sufficient detail for replication Yes*
Included studies are assessed for study quality Yes
Quality assessments are reproducible No

Description: This is a review of the literature examining the use of simulated presence (SimPress) therapy for individuals with dementia of the Alzheimer's type (DAT). This review is part of a series of reports from the Academy of Neurologic Communication Disorders and Science specific to the assessment and management of individuals with dementia.

Question(s) Addressed:

Question not specifically stated.

Population: Adults with dementia of the Alzheimer's type (DAT)

Intervention/Assessment: Simulated Presences Therapy

Number of Studies Included: 3

Years Included: 1966 - 2002



  • Treatment
    • Cognitive-Communication
      • Restorative Treatments - Simulated Presence Therapy
        • Results from a limited number of studies suggest that individuals with moderate to severe dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) may benefit from SimPress therapy. However, the primary outcome of studies were reduction of agitation and withdrawn behaviors and did not address cognitive-communication outcomes.
        • "SimPress appears most effective for individuals who have retained communication skills" (p. xix).
        • Future research is warranted to determine the effect of SimPress to improve conversation skills.

Keywords: Dementia, Cognitive Stimulation

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*Additional details for the literature search are provided on the ANCDS website.

Added to Compendium: January 2012

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