EBP Compendium: Summary of Systematic Review
Evidence-Based Practices for Young Children With Autism: Contributions for Single-Subject Design Research
Odom, S. L., Brown, W. H., et al.
Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities 18(3), 166-175.
Indicators of Review Quality:
The review addresses a clearly focused question
Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided
Search strategy is described in sufficient detail for replication
Included studies are assessed for study quality
Quality assessments are reproducible
Description: This is a review of single-subject design research investigating various interventions for young children with autism.
Question not specifically stated.
Population: Children with autism.
Intervention/Assessment: This review examined all interventions and included: adult-directed interventions, differential reinforcement of desired behavior, peer-mediated intervention, visual supports, self-monitoring, involving families, positive behavior support, videotaped modeling, and moderating characteristics of tasks.
Number of Studies Included: 37
Years Included: 1990-2002
- General Findings
- Self-monitoring involving families is considered an “emerging and effective” practice for children with autism.
- Moderating task characteristics by incorporating child preferences and choices is considered a “probably efficacious” practice for children with autism.
- Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) - Visual supports (e.g. graphic or photographic activity schedules, PECS) are considered an “emerging and effective” practice for children with autism.
- Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA)/Discrete Trial/LOVAAS - Two fundamental elements of discrete-trial training, adult directed interventions and differential reinforcement of desired behaviors, “met the criteria for a well-established level of effectiveness” (p. 172).
- Peer Mediated Intervention - Peer-mediated intervention is considered an “emerging and effective” practice for children with autism.
- Positive Behavior Support - Positive behavior support is considered a “probably efficacious” practice for children with autism.
- Video Modeling - Video modeling is considered a “probably efficacious” practice for children with autism.
Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Parent-Mediated Intervention, Video Modeling
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Added to Compendium: January 2012