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EBP Compendium: Summary of Systematic Review

The Cochrane Collaboration; North Thames NHS Executive UK; Medical Research Council UK; University College London UK; University of Wales Bangor UK
Reminiscence Therapy for Dementia

Woods, B., Spector, A., et al. (2005).
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews(2).

Indicators of Review Quality:

The review addresses a clearly focused question No
Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided Yes
Search strategy is described in sufficient detail for replication Yes
Included studies are assessed for study quality Yes
Quality assessments are reproducible Yes

Description: This is a review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials for the use of reminiscence therapy for individuals with dementia.

Question(s) Addressed:

Question not specifically stated.

Population: Older adults diagnosed with dementia, cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, or organic brain syndrome.

Intervention/Assessment: Regular individual sessions or meetings of small groups, which involve the process of reminiscing, possibly aided by means such as photographs, music and videos of the past.

Number of Studies Included: 5

Years Included: Through 2004



  • Treatment
    • Cognition
      • Restorative Treatments
        • Reminiscence Therapy - There was inconclusive evidence surrounding the efficacy of reminiscence therapy for dementia due to small number and low quality of studies found. However, the authors reported that some cognitive improvements were significant 4-6 weeks after the end of intervention. Further research is warranted.

Keywords: Dementia, Cognitive Stimulation, Cognition

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Added to Compendium: March 2012

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