Due to the issuance of new contracts
for Recovery Audit Contractors (RACs), the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid
Services (CMS) announced it will only perform post-payment manual medical
reviews for therapy services provided over $3,700 for dates of service that
began February 28, 2014.
ASHA and the therapy advocacy community were
notified by CMS of this clarification on March 19, 2014.
Current RACs are
instructed to stop processing initial Additional Documentation Requests (ADR) in
February, and Medicare Administrative Contractors (MACs) will stop notifying
RACs of pre-payment reviews with dates of service after February 28. All claims
will be processed and documentation requests held for post-payment review by new
contractors once contracts have been implemented. The last date for the current
RACs to send payment adjustment recommendations to the MACs is June 1, 2014.
The manual medical review process legislation expires on March 31, 2014. If
Congress extends the review for 2014, CMS anticipates that the post-payment
process will continue. Those providers in pre-payment states will likely not
switch back from post- to pre-payment again in 2014. CMS was unable to release
any time frame for the new RAC contracts.
should continue to respond to ADRs and be aware that services provided over the
$3,700 threshold (for physical therapy and speech-language pathology services
combined) may eventually require justification and possibly a re-payment of
funds if found to be not medically necessary.
2012, a manual medical review process for Medicare Part B therapy services that
exceed a $3,700 threshold was mandated by the Middle
Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 and was extended until March
31, 2014. The mandate requires any therapy claims for combined speech-language
pathology and physical therapy that reach $3,700 to be reviewed for medical
necessity. After some difficulty with the MAC reviews, CMS determined that the
RACs were better equipped for the review process and, beginning April 1, 2013,
initiated pre- and post-payment review processes implemented by states.
Providers in post-payment states receive payment prior to review, with the
risk of the recovery of funds after medical review. Under the previous process,
claims in pre-payment states were stopped prior to payment and awaited review,
and then were paid. Pre-payment states included Florida, California, Michigan,
Texas, New York, Louisiana, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Ohio, North Carolina, and
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