SIG 13 Perspectives Vol. 21, No. 2, June 2012
This issue of Perspectives discusses normal and disordered esophageal anatomy and physiology in adults and children. First, we review normal anatomy and physiologic function of the upper esophageal sphincter and esophagus in adults, children, and neonates. Then, we present the strengths and weaknesses of state-of-the-art diagnostic studies of the esophagus. In addition, we discuss the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and current treatment options for eosinophilic esophagitis. Finally, we review guidelines for the performance of modified barium swallow studies and esophagrams and include a discussion of the rationale for SLPs to perform an esophageal screening.
You will be able to:
- describe the muscle composition and normal physiology of the proximal and distal esophagus
- explain the strengths and limitations of diagnostic modalities for esophageal dysfunction
- discuss the diagnosis and management of esophageal problems in neonates and infants
- discuss the current controversy to performing an esophageal screening during the videofluoroscopic evaluation of swallowing
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Instructor Disclosure: Not available. The content for this program was developed and published prior to the ASHA Continuing Education Board requiring instructional personnel to provide financial and nonfinancial disclosure statements.